Post-Conference Updates:

Updated Paper and Statistics

16.12.2023: After the publication of the official proceedings, we found several inconsistencies in authors’ submissions and our metrics’ performance. For the transparency and replicability of the research outcomes, we publish the updated and double-checked results with all necessary comments:

We apologize for finding the inconsistencies late, and we hope that the published updates will help.

Shared Submission Files

16.02.2024: We also publish all submitted systems’ outputs:

Findings Paper

Read the Findings of the WMT 2023 Shared Task on Machine Translation with Terminologies. Cite the work as:

@inproceedings{semenov-etal-2023-findings,
    title = "Findings of the WMT 2023 Shared Task on Machine Translation with Terminologies",
    author = "Kirill Semenov and
              Vilém Zouhar and
              Tom Kocmi and
              Dongdong Zhang and
              Wangchunshu Zhou and
              Yuchen Eleanor Jiang"
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the Eight Conference on Machine Translation (WMT)",
    month = dec,
    year = "2023",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
}

WMT 2023 Terminology Shared Task

The accurate translation of technical terms and specialized vocabulary is a crucial aspect of determining the quality of machine translation output. The WMT 2023 Terminology Shared Task aims to assess the extent to which machine translation models can utilize additional information regarding the translation of terminologies. Participants in this task were provided with source text and possibly an associated segment-level terminology dictionary (multiple different ones). Evaluation of submissions were based on both the general translation quality and the effectiveness of terminology translation. We welcome submissions of both machine translation systems that incorporate terminology at inference time and those trained in a weakly supervised manner utilizing terminology information. Have questions or suggestions? Contact Us!

Motivation

Consider the following English sentence and the hypothesis which is being updated based on incremental terminology information, which ultimately leads to the translation that is the closest to the reference.

Source The report is in accordance with ROA.
Hypothesis 1 Der Bericht steht im Einklang mit ROA.
Help 1 “ROA” → “FOG”
Hypothesis 2 Der Bericht steht im Einklang mit FOG.
Help 2 “is in accordance” → “entspricht”
Hypothesis 3 (best) Der Bericht entspricht ROA.

Terminology Task Important Dates

  Date
Training data and test data ready to download 16th March, 2023
Release of the blind test 11th July, 2023
Submission deadline for the terminology task 24th July, 2023
Paper submission deadline to WMT 5th September, 2023
WMT Notification of acceptance 6th October, 2023
WMT Camera-ready deadline 18th October, 2023
Conference 6-7 December, 2023

Make sure to submit translation results on both the dev and the test sets. All deadlines are in AoE (Anywhere on Earth). Dates are specified with respect to EMNLP 2023.

Goals

The primary goal of the WMT 2023 Terminology Shared Task is to evaluate the ability of machine translation systems to accurately translate technical terms and specialized vocabulary. The task aims to assess the extent to which machine translation models can utilize additional information regarding the translation of terminologies.

Another important goal of the shared task is to encourage the development of machine translation systems that are better equipped to handle the complex vocabulary of technical and specialized domains. By providing participants with these resources and evaluating their performance on both general translation quality and the effectiveness of terminology translation, the task hopes to encourage the development of systems that can accurately and consistently translate these types of texts.

Overall, the WMT 2023 Terminology Shared Task seeks to improve the state-of-the-art in machine translation by challenging participants to develop systems that can accurately and effectively translate technical terms and specialized vocabulary, with the ultimate goal of improving communication and understanding in specialized and emerging domains.

Task Description

We focus on the following language pairs (one direction for each):

Evaluation Criteria

The submissions were evaluated based on:

  1. Translation Quality: The quality of the overall machine translation output was evaluated both by standard human and automatic metrics. For human evaluation, focused on fluency, adequacy, grammaticality and coherence. Fluency refers to the naturalness and readability of the translated text, while adequacy refers to the accuracy of the translated content, including the correct translation of words, phrases, and idioms. Grammaticality refers to the correctness of the grammar and sentence structure of the translated text. Coherence refers to the overall consistency and clarity of the translated text with respect to the document-level and corpus-level context. This will be evaluated based on the extent to which the translated text conveys the intended meaning of the source text in a way that is understandable and coherent with respect to the overall document context.
  2. Terminology Translation:
    • Success rate: The success rate of terminology translation assesses the ability of the machine translation system to accurately translate technical terms and specialized vocabulary. This was measured by comparing the machine’s translation of technical terms to their corresponding translations in the provided dictionaries. The goal is to have a high success rate, indicating that the machine is able to accurately translate technical terms and specialized vocabulary.
    • Term consistency: The consistency of terminology translations refers to the uniformity of the translations of technical terms across the entire corpus. In other words, the goal is to ensure that the same technical term is translated consistently throughout the text, rather than being translated differently in different parts of the text. This is evaluated by comparing the machine’s translation of technical terms to the translations in the provided dictionaries, and measuring the number of instances where the same term is translated differently. The goal is to have a high consistency rate, indicating that the machine is able to translate technical terms consistently.
  3. Terminology Usage: The data is provided in three different modes. The first one corresponds to general MT and the second one has the terminology dictionary added. The last one (indistinguishable in the test data) has random, though correct, translations of words, which are not terminologies. If we observe improvement between the different modes, it means that the model is not just good on its own but can make good use of the terminology. This is included so that we can measure to what extent can the models leverage the terminology as opposed to just being good overall.

The final ranking of the submissions will be ascertained through a weighted average of the scores obtained from both the human evaluation and terminology translation assessments.

Paper Describing Your System

You are invited to submit a short paper (4 to 6 pages) to WMT describing your system. Shared task submission description papers are non-archival, and you are not required to submit a paper if you do not want to. If you don’t, we ask that you give an appropriate reference describing your metric that we can cite in the overview paper.

Data

All data, including references, have now been published: wmt-terminology-task/data-2023. The use of any additional terminology-specific data beyond that provided in these resources is prohibited.

Example segment

Considering the example in motivation, the following source could appear in test.en-de.en:

The report is in accordance with ROA.

Then, the corresponding line in test.en-de.dict can be empty or contain a JSON array, such as:

[{"en": "ROA", "de": "FOG"}, {"en": "is in accordance", "de": "entspricht"}]

It is then up to the model to utilize any part of this additional information. Note that the spans in the dictionary do not have to appear as consecutive words in the text (e.g. He turned aroundEr drehte sich um. and turneddrehte um). Furthermore, it is possible that the alignment is not perfect (semi-automatic procedure), however it is guaranteed that the individual words appear in the text.

How to submit:

Before you submit, please make sure your submission follows the submission format (example here). You can run your translation files through a validation script, which is now available here.

Your translations should be submitted through this form.

FAQ

1. Do I have to submit results for all language pairs?

No, but we highly encourage it as it makes comparisons fairer. If you already have a system for a specific language pair, replicating it (without optimizing hyperparameters) for another language pair should be very easy and yield a good demonstration for your method.

2. What kind of general-purpose data can I use?

The rules from the constrained track of general MT apply. Some positive exceptions may be granted if they do not violate the spirit of this task.

3. Is it allowed to train a general MT model and then do terminology adaptation by a post-edit model?

Yes, though ideally it would all be one model which possilby takes in also the translation dictionary.

4. I am confused about the dev data that you provided.

There are essentially three modes to this task:

They’re interleaved in the data so that everything can be processed easily by a single model. So even though there are the same source sentences, there are different additional “terminology” information, which creates the three modes.

Organizers

In no particular order:

Sponsors